Birth right citizenship proves hard to ban


Any such order from President Trump would challenge the current interpretation of the 14th Amendment. 

Birth right citizenship was introduced into the US Constitution in 1868, when the 14th Amendment was passed, granting citizenship to former slaves who were born in the US but denied citizenship.

With the Democrats challenging executive orders that they deem to be ignoring normal rules of law making, an order would get embroiled in years of legal arguments.

New legislation could make it illegal to go to the USA for the sole purpose of giving birth, and highlighting to potential birth tourists the downsides to obtaining US citizenship, such as taxation, could however depress the incentive to come to the US.  But here again, President Trump would have to persuade both Democrats and Republicans that a new law is needed, and it could take years to become law.

The stance against birth tourism will affect thousands of people, primarily from China, Taiwan, Russia, and Turkey, who want to be able to give birth to children who will be eligible immediately for US passports and the attendant longer-term benefits, even if they have no current intention of permanently residing in the US.

There are signs that the birth tourism boom is already on the decline, with 2017 and 2018 tourism figures suggesting a drop in numbers from China.

Growth in Chinese visitor numbers to the US has stalled and visitor spending dropped in 2018 as a result of trade tensions, according to the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC). Chinese visitor numbers to the US were flat year on year after annual growth of 23% over the previous decade.

While many foreign tourists are still going to the USA, the country is not benefiting as much as other nations from an overall boom in international travel and tourism. While Mexico remains the number two source of foreign visitors to the USA, those numbers have dropped significantly in the Trump era.

The vast majority of foreign arrivals in the USA are from Canada and Mexico. From January 2017 through May 2018, Canadian visitors totalled 28.8 million, and Mexicans numbered 10 million. But the Mexican market has been shrinking. Most visitors to the USA are from the UK, with 6.2 million arrivals, followed by Japan (5 million) and China (4.4 million).

The WTTC called on US policymakers to preserve the Brand USA marketing body which is threatened by budget cuts beyond 2020, and to expand and re-brand the US visa-waiver programme.



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